[Qingjiao Talk] Optimize the talent evaluation system and stimulate youth’s innovative vitality

Author of Yang Jiale: Yang Jiale (Assistant Researcher at the Chinese Social Science Evaluation Research Institute) Youth Restricted the country and the country was strong. Young talents are the most innovative and vibrant army in the national talent team, and are the pioneers of building important talents in the world and innovation highland. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized in the speech at the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the China Communist Youth League that youths are often new, the most innovative and enthusiastic, and the most innovative power.

  From the perspective of the growth of top scientists in the world, youth is the peak period for many people to produce innovative results.

Marcini invented a radio at the age of 22. Einstein proposed a narrow theory at the age of 26. Fermi discovered a reaction of nuclear cracks at the age of 33. Mendev was 35 years old to compile the element cycle table. In the era of the Great Sciences, the scientific research team, which made outstanding innovation contributions, has also become increasingly younger. The average age of the Shenzhou team, the Chang’e team, and the Beidou team is 30 to 40 years old.

  In the 21st century of innovation -driven development, the active innovation performance of young talents made the strategic position of this talent team’s strategic position, which can be seen from the expressions of young talents from the National Talent Work Conference.

In 2003, the first National Talent Work Conference promulgated the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on further strengthening talent work", and proposed to vigorously grasp the construction of young talents and cultivate a large number of young talents with excellent quality and innovation. At that time, youth talents were regarded as talent resources to be developed with talents with talents in the west and ethnic regions, non -public economic organizations and social organizations, high -skilled talents and rural practical talents.

In 2010, the Second National Talent Work Conference deployed the "Outline of the National Medium- and Long-Term Talent Development Plan (2010-2020)", emphasizing the focus on the cultivation of composable talents, eliminating the concept of seniority, seeking full responsibility, and increasing the discovery and training of outstanding young scientific and technological talents , Use and funded.

As a member of the innovative scientific and technological talent team, young talents are included in the main task of the national talent team building. In 2021, the Central Talent Work Conference requires the creation of large -scale young science and technology talents, focusing on the policy of cultivating national strategic talents on young science and technology talents, supporting young talents to pick the beams and the protagonists.

  So, how should you stimulate young talent’s innovative vitality? Optimizing the talent evaluation system is undoubtedly a key measure for young people to reduce loosening and authorization. On the one hand, the talent evaluation system affects the innovative behavior of young talents.

Innovation behavior has high difficulty, high risk, and high uncertainty, and it is difficult to have a fixed timetable and roadmap. Too frequent and heavy evaluation pressures may interfere with the normal rhythm of young people engaged in innovative activities, and even squeeze the time of innovation. On the other hand, the talent evaluation system will also affect the innovative willingness of young talents. Some of the evaluation criteria that follow the old and the rankings have seriously inhibited the enthusiasm of young talents. Once the innovation results cannot be reasonably recognized, it is easy to make young people go passive "lying" and unwilling to continue innovation.

  Due to the focus of talent evaluation points in different occupations and different positions, we must comprehensively consider the group characteristics and growth laws of young talents, and improve the talent evaluation system from the following aspects.

  The first is to integrate simplify evaluation categories and create a loose evaluation culture.

The innovation window period of youth talents is extremely limited. From historical experience, the more major primitive innovation that breaks through the conventional standard, the more the silent time before opening the window of innovation is generally longer. It is likely to go through 99 failures.

Therefore, try to streamline the project, simplify the evaluation process, and explore long -term evaluations, improve the tolerance of the failure of innovation, encourage young people to explore and concentrate on research, and protect the fire of innovation. Create conditions in security. The second is to use the championship system properly, and the competitiveness and stability remain balanced. The highly competitive professional championship system can stimulate the innovative potential of young talents in the short term, and urges it to continue to "break through the barrier."

However, in order to ensure that young people can maintain lasting innovative vitality, the design of young talent evaluation mechanisms should be moderately balanced between competitiveness and stability. The introduction of the professional championship system must play the function of "selection excellence" so that the best performances can stand out and do their best; they must also have the "bottom" function to provide necessary guarantees for the dishonest and transition smoothly. The third is to adhere to the principle of universalism and break the barriers of institutional mechanisms. As one of the national strategic talents, Chinese youth talents in the new era are at the time and heavy responsibility. To achieve bravery on the track of national rejuvenation, there must be a broad stage for exhibition.

This requires resolutely implementing the principles of universalism with ability, actual performance, and contribution to evaluate talents, break the unreasonable institutional constraints, and use more flexible selection, promotion, rewards and assessment mechanisms, so that they really want to be officers, capable officers, and personnel. Young talents who have done things have emerged, and young talents who support true talents and outstanding contributions to pick up the beams and the protagonists, so that the innovative vitality of young talents can be fully erupted. In other words, the current mission of young people is worthy of the historical mission, which has become an active element in the national innovation system, and provides important intellectual support for promoting the innovation -driven development strategy.

It is far a look that the current youth talents grew up to 2035 and 2050. The innovative vitality of young talents determined that the country’s future innovation strength. Only young people are self -confident can the country be self -reliant.

To stimulate young talent’s innovative vitality, it is necessary to establish a talent evaluation system with a certain inclusiveness, balance and flexibility, so that young people can fully exert their innovative vitality and promote the emergence of innovative results.